National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow

#national education policy

National Education Policy

  • National Education Policy, 2020
  • Why in News
  • Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the new National Education Policy (NEP),
  • 2020 with an aim to introduce several changes in the Indian education system – from the
  • school to college level.
  • The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”.
  • The Cabinet has also approved the renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource
  • Development to the Ministry of Education.
  • The NEP cleared by the Cabinet is only the third major revamp of the
  • the framework of education in India since independence.
  • The two earlier education policies were brought in 1968 and 1986.
  • Key Points
  • School Education:
  • Universalization of education from preschool to secondary level with
  • 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
  • To bring 2 crore out-of-school children back into the mainstream through an
  • open schooling system.
  • 1/6The current 10+2 system is to be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular
National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
  • structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years #National Education Policy
  • respectively.
  • It will bring the uncovered age group of 3-6 years under school
  • curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for
  • development of mental faculties of a child.
  • It will also have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/ pre
  • schooling.
  • Class 10 and 12 board examinations to be made easier, to test core
  • competencies rather than memorised facts, with all students allowed to take
  • the exam twice.
  • School governance is set to change, with a new accreditation
  • framework and an independent authority to regulate both public and
  • private schools.
  • Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no rigid separation
  • between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools.
  • Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.
  • Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/regional
  • language. No language will be imposed on any student.
  • Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking
  • Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes
  • 2/6A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher
  • Education (NCFTE) 2021, will be formulated by the National Council for
  • Teacher Education (NCTE) in consultation with National Council of
  • Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
  • By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year
  • integrated B.Ed. degree.
National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education to be raised to 50% by 2035.
  • Also, 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.
  • The current Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education is
  • 26.3%.
  • Holistic Undergraduate education with a flexible curriculum can be of 3 or 4
  • years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this
  • period.
  • M.Phil courses will be discontinued and all the courses at undergraduate,
  • postgraduate and PhD level will now be interdisciplinary.
  • Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits.
  • Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs), at
  • par with IITs, IIMs, to be set up as models of best multidisciplinary education
  • of global standards in the country.
  • The National Research Foundation will be created as an apex body for
  • fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher
  • education.
  • 3/6Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a
  • single umbrella body for the entire higher education, excluding medical
  • and legal education. Public and private higher education institutions will be
  • governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation and
  • academic standards. Also, HECI will be having four independent verticals
  • namely,
  • National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation,
  • General Education Council (GEC) for standard setting,
  • Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding,
  • National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation.
  • Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise
  • mechanism to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges.
  • Over a period of time, every college is expected to develop into either an
  • autonomous degree-granting College, or a constituent college of a
  • university.

4/6Other Changes: #National Education Policy

National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
National Education Policy | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
  • An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum
  • (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas
  • on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning,
  • administration.
  • National Assessment Centre- ‘PARAKH’ has been created to assess the
  • students.
  • It also paves the way for foreign universities to set up campuses in India.
  • It emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education
  • Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
  • National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, Indian Institute of
  • Translation and Interpretation to be set up.
  • It also aims to increase the public investment in the Education sector to reach
  • 6% of GDPat the earliest.
  • Currently, India spends around 4.6 % of its total GDP on education.
  • Education In India
  • 5/6Constitutional Provisions:
  • Part IV of Indian Constitution, Article 45 and Article 39 (f) of Directive
  • Principles of State Policy (DPSP), has a provision for state-funded as well as
  • equitable and accessible education.
  • The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution in 1976 moved education from
  • the State to the Concurrent List.
  • The education policies by the Central government provides a broad
  • direction and state governments are expected to follow it. But it is not
  • mandatory, for instance Tamil Nadu does not follow the three-language
  • formula prescribed by the first education policy in 1968.
  • The 86th Amendment in 2002 made education an enforceable right under

#bestndacoaching #topndacoaching #ndacoachinginstitute #National Education Policy #BestNDACoachinginLucknow

Article 21-A.

Related Laws: #National Education Policy

  • Right To Education (RTE) Act, 2009 aims to provide primary
  • education to all children aged 6 to 14 years and enforces education as a
  • Fundamental Right.
  • It also mandates 25% reservation for disadvantaged sections of the
  • society where disadvantaged groups
  • Government Initiatives:
  • Way Forward
  • A New Education Policy aims to facilitate an inclusive, participatory and
  • holistic approach, which takes into consideration field experiences, empirical
  • research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices.
  • It is a progressive shift towards a more scientific approach to education. The
  • prescribed structure will help to cater the ability of the child – stages of cognitive
  • development as well as social and physical awareness. If implemented in its true
  • vision, the new structure can bring India at par with the leading countries of the
  • world.