Five years later, Brexit continues to divide
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✔️Context- Five years ago, British Referendum was passed for BREXIT and it was supposed to settle the United Kingdom’s historical love-hate relationship with Europe, but that’s not the case and the U.K. remains as divided.
◆The referendum for BREXIT was the most significant event since the Second World War, as it resulted in two general elections, ousting two premiers and threatening the political geography of the U.K.
●In the U.K there was a rush through for rapid departure from the European Union (EU), and the Withdrawal and Trade and Cooperation Agreements for the purpose of Brexit.
●While The U.K. imports 70% of the fish it consumes; the industry only contributes 0.12% of GDP and employs 0.1% of the workforce.
●For Example, In May, 60 French fishing boats massed to blockade Jersey over fishing rights, naval units from both Britain and France deployed off Jersey, thus highlighting the loose ends of Britain’s exit from the EU.
Case of Northern Ireland
◆Northern Ireland, part of the U.K. but in the EU’s single market, had to follow EU rules, and it formed The EU’s external border.
◆The Irish Sea between Britain and Northern Ireland, formed the EU Border, as such goods for Northern Ireland need to be inspected there, which is politically untenable for the U.K. Either EU should self impose inspections to protect its single market and structure a border either on the island of Ireland or between Ireland and the EU, which are both equally unfeasible.
◆After Brexit, there were tensions between Britain and the EU over the import of chilled meat products from Britain to Northern Ireland, with Britain seeking an extension of the transition arrangements from June 30 by three months but not agreed by the EU.
◆Britain boasted about its COVID-19 immunization compared to the EU and the success of the City of London in maintaining its status against hostile EU legislation, while the EU provided incentives for banks to move to European capitals.
◆It looks like the EU wanted to punish Britain for leaving, and discourage its other members from doing the same.
◆Even after 50 years of membership of the EU by Britain, mutual trust is lacking, and two versions of a rules-based order are colliding. The EU conceded the Northern Ireland postponement and persuaded its member States, like France and Germany to avoid a trade war over British sausages.
●In Scotland, the National Party wants an exit from the U.K.
●While Scots voted in the referendum by 62% against 38% to remain in the EU.
●For many Scots, leaving the U.K. is the clearest path back to the EU, and the EU will grant Scotland the least developed status and provide subventions on the scale.
●The steps taken by Scotland are much of an anti-Westminster stance, where efforts were made by Scotland to join the EU and of all members, States approving Scottish membership are not great.
●A vote for reunification in Ireland seems more probable now than at any time since the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 which brought an uneasy peace to fratricidal factions in the North
●After Brexit, the British economy faced a 10% GDP decline in 2020, food and drink exports to the EU declined by nearly 50% and export of services also shrank.
●More than 500 British companies have relocated to Europe.
●Further, those who supported Brexit, underestimated the practical inconveniences of leaving, including the vast paperwork involved in exporting and importing with the EU.
●However, the British were more successful in COVID-19 vaccination compared with the EU’s and this is the only Ground where Brexit has gone good.
●In sum, many people were forced to accept the Brexit only a few are satisfied with the divorce settlement.
●In the end, No version of Brexit will satisfy everyone, and it has left the United Kingdom less united.
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