A Telangana temple and its UNESCO tag | Best Defence Coaching in Lucknow
ON SUNDAY, UNESCO inscribed the 13th-century Ramappa temple in Palampet, Telangana as a World Heritage Site.
Why it matters
A World Heritage Site is a location with an “outstanding universal value”. This signifies “cultural and or natural significance which is so exceptional as to transcend national boundaries and to be common importance for present and future generations of all humanity”. To be included, sites must meet at least one of the ten selection criteria, such as representing a masterpiece of human creative genius or exhibiting an important interchange of human values over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world.
The decision to inscribe the Ramappa temple was taken at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO held on Sunday in China. Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted, “Excellent! Congratulations to everyone, especially the people of Telangana. The iconic Ramappa Temple showcases the outstanding craftsmanship of the great Kakatiya dynasty. I would urge you all to visit this majestic Temple complex and get a first-hand experience of its grandness.”
The Rudreswara (Ramappa) Temple is situated near Warangal. An inscription dates it to 1213 and says it was built by a Kakatiya General Recherla Rudra Reddy, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva. “Ramappa is the main Shiva temple in a larger walled temple complex, which includes several smaller temples and structures.”
It is built of sandstone with decorated beams and pillars of carved granite and dolerite. The inner sanctum is made of lightweight porous bricks. The sculptures, especially bracket figures, have their luster intact.
The temple was proposed by the government as its only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for 2019. It has been on UNESCO’s tentative list since 2014.
The World Heritage Convention’s operational guidelines say that a tentative list is like an inventory of properties a country thinks should be on the World Heritage Site. After UNESCO includes property in the tentative list, the country prepares a nomination document that will be considered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.
In this case, the nomination was under Criterion I (Masterpiece of human creative genius) and Criterion III (bearing a unique or at least an exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition, which is living or which has disappeared). Earlier, the International Council of Historic Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) has evaluated Ramappa’s heritage status.
On Sunday, 17 of the 21 member nations supported the inscription. With this, India now has 39sites on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, and the Archaeological Survey of India is now the custodian of 23 world heritage sites.