NDA SYLLABUS 2023 | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow | Top NDA Coaching in India


NDA SYLLABUS 2023: National Defence Academy (NDA) is the Joint Services academy of the Indian Armed Forces. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam every year. NDA is a national-level exam conducted twice a year. This is one of the most sought-after defence jobs in India to join the Defence Forces as an Officer by male candidates. The selection of eligible males & females into NDA will be done on the basis of the written test followed by the Personality Test. 


NDA written examination is divided into two papers namely Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The boys and girls who are seeking to apply for NDA must begin their preparation for the written exam by following the detailed NDA Syllabus which has been discussed in this article. The NDA 1 Exam is to be conducted offline on 16th April 2023 and NDA 2 Exam will be held on 03rd September 2023 as per the UPSC Calendar 2023.


Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow Uttar Pradesh|NDA Syllabus 2023 | Best NDA Coaching in Lucknow
NDA Syllabus 2023

Check the important points of the NDA 2023 Syllabus and Exam Pattern in the table below.

Name of the ExamNational Defence Academy (NDA)
Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission, UPSC.
Frequency Of ExamTwice in a Year (April & September 2023)
Selection ProcessWritten Test consisting of Objective Type QuestionsIntelligence & Personality Test (SSB)
Mode of examOffline
Papers in NDA ExamMathematicsGeneral Ability Test
Marks SegregationMathematics: 300 MarksGAT: 600 Marks
Total No. of QuestionsMathematics: 120GAT: 150
Negative MarkingMathematics: -0.83GAT: -1.33 marks
Exam Duration2.5 Hours For Each Paper (5 hours total)
Language of Question PaperEnglish & Hindi English Language paper has to be attempted in English.

NDA Syllabus 2023

NDA 1 Notification 2023 Out for 395 Vacancies- Click to Check

NDA 1 2023 Application Form- Click to Apply

NDA Exam Date 2023 Out- Click to Check


Before getting into the NDA Syllabus let us have a look at the NDA Exam Pattern. The mathematics paper has 120 questions of 300 marks and GAT will have English and GK Papers of 200 & 400 marks respectively.

NDA Mathematics Exam Pattern

Paper I- Mathematics
Total Marks300 Marks
Total No. of Questions120
Marks awarded for Correct answer2.5 marks
Marks deducted for the wrong answer-0.83
Exam Duration2.5 Hours

NDA Syllabus 2023

General Ability Test Exam Pattern

Paper-II- General Ability Test
Total Marks600 marks
Total No. of Questions150
No. of questions in English Section50
No. Of questions in General knowledge Section100
Maximum Marks for English200 marks
Maximum Marks for G.K.400 marks
Marks for Correct Answer4 marks in both sections
Marks for Incorrect Answer-1.33 marks in both sections
Exam Duration2.5 Hours

NDA Syllabus 2023

NDA Exam Pattern for SSB Interview

After clearing the written exam of NDA, candidates have to appear for the SSB Interview rounds. The pattern of the NDA Interviews is as mentioned below:

NDA – SSB Interview Pattern
Stage 1Screening TestVerbal and non-verbal tests.PPDT
Stage 2Psychological TestThematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Word Association Test (WAT)
Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
Self-Description Test (SD)
Group Testing Officers TestGDGPEPGTHGTIoTCommand Task
Snake race/Group Obstacle Race
Individual lecture fit
Personal Interview & Conference

NDA Previous Year Question Paper PDFs- Click to Download

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After getting to know the NDA Exam Pattern it is important for the candidates to know the Syllabus of the NDA Exam. The NDA Syllabus is discussed below.

NDA Mathematics Syllabus

The chapters covered for NDA Maths Syllabus are given in the table below.

TopicTopic-wise Syllabus
AlgebraSets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals, and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, and Logarithms.
CalculusConcept of a real-valued function, domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, one-to-one, onto, and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, and algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative application. Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function concerning another function, the derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima #NDA SYLLABUS 2023
Matrices and DeterminantsTypes of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Integral Calculus and Differential EquationsIntegration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solutions of differential equations, solutions of the first order, and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
TrigonometryAngles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.
Vector AlgebraVectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three DimensionRectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
Statistics and ProbabilityProbability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.

The topic-wise question distribution in Maths

Quadratic equation20-15
Matrices & Determinants30
Complex number10-15

NDA General Ability Test Syllabus

The General ability test comprises two papers English and General Knowledge. The English paper consists of 200 Marks while the General Knowledge is of 400 Marks.

NDA Syllabus- English

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English. The syllabus covers various aspects like as given below:

TopicNo. of QuestionsNo. of Marks
Spotting Errors520
Selecting Words1040
Ordering of Words in a Sentence936
Sentence Improvement1040

NDA Syllabus- General Knowledge

Check the topic-wise number of questions and marks distribution in the table below.

TopicNo. of QuestionsNo. of Marks
General Science1144
History & Freedom Movement1664
Current Events1768

NDA Syllabus- Physics

NDA Syllabus For Physics 
Physical Properties and States of Matter
Modes of transference of Heat
Mass, Weight, Volume, Sound waves and their properties
Simple musical instruments
Rectilinear propagation of Light
Density and Specific Gravity
Reflection and refraction
Principle of Archimedes
Spherical mirrors and LensesPressure Barometer
Human Eye
Motion of objects
Natural and Artificial Magnets
Velocity and Acceleration
Properties of a Magnet
Newton’s Laws of Motion
Earth as a Magnet
Force and Momentum
Static and Current Electricity
Parallelogram of Forces
Conductors and Non-conductors
Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
Ohm’s Law
Simple Electrical Circuits
Elementary ideas of work
Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic effects of CurrentPower and Energy
Measurement of Electrical Power
Effects of Heat
Primary and Secondary Cells
Measurement of Temperature and HeatUse of X-Rays
General Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.

NDA Syllabus- Chemistry

NDA Syllabus For Chemistry 
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation, and Reduction.
Acids, bases and salts.
Carbon— different forms
Physical and Chemical Changes
Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial
The material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gunpowder
Mixtures and Compounds
Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom
Symbols, Formulae, and simple Chemical Equation
Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)Valency
Properties of Air and Water

NDA Syllabus- General Science

NDA Syllabus For General Science 
Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention
Difference between the living and non-living
Food—Source of Energy for man
Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues
Constituents of food
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
Balanced Diet
Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs
The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

NDA Syllabus- History, Freedom Movement

NDA Syllabus For History 
Forces shaping the modern world Renaissance
Exploration and Discovery;
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
Freedom Movement in India
French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution
War of American Independence, Impact of Science and Technology on Society
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
Concept of one World
Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
United Nations, Panchsheel, Panchayati Raj, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism
Role of India in the present world
Co-operatives and Community Development
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya,
National Integration and Welfare StateBasic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

NDA Syllabus- Geography

NDA Syllabus For Geography 
The Earth, its shape and size
Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
Latitudes and LongitudesTemperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones, and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and PrecipitationConcept of time
Types of ClimateInternational Date Line
Major Natural Regions of the World
Movements of Earth and their effects
Regional Geography of India
Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources
Location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification
Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India
Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Main items of Imports and Exports of India

Current Events

NDA Syllabus For Current Events 
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years
Prominent personalities of both Indian and International level, Cultural activities and sports activities, Current important world events.


The SSB procedure consists of two stages. Only those candidates who clear written exam are permitted to appear for SSB round. The details o SSB exam are given below:

NDA SSB Personality Test
Stage IOfficer Intelligence Rating (OIR)Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT).
Stage IIInterview (IO)Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO)Psychology Tests (Psych)Conference

The various tests of IO, GTO, and Psychological are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.

AFCAT Syllabus & Exam Pattern

UPSC CDS Syllabus & Exam Pattern

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Q1. How many stages are there in the NDA exam?

Q2. Who many written papers in the first stage of the NDA exam?

Q3. How many sections are there in General Ability Test (GAT)?

Q4. What is the marks distribution in the NDA exam?

Q5. Will UPSC conduct the NDA exam offline or online?